How to buy CBD oil in India?

The CBD oil industry is becoming the fastest growing industry of 2019. With cannabis increased acceptance as a medical supplement, CBD is blazing the trail for all non-THC cannabinoids in the cannabis plant.

The only thing wrong with the elevating popularity with CBD is that reliable information is scattered across the web. And in order to make an informed decision about buying CBD oil, one has to dig deep and find the relevant, accurate, and revised information.

This is easier said than done because CBD is among the most misunderstood dietary substances today. Even today, it has to bear the scepticism and judgement people have towards marijuana and its psychoactive properties.

Before you make a decision to buy CBD oil, it is important to ensure that you have all the sufficient knowledge required. In this article, we have combined the basics of all you need to know about CBD.

CBD 101

CBD oil has been on the tongues of everyone, especially for the past year. The world is in the middle of a cannabis revolution which has been sparked particularly by CBD. The scientific research and studies on the compound has accelerated a movement around the globe that demands the legalisation of hemp—the variety of cannabis plant CBD comes from.

What is CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid found in the hemp variety of the cannabis plant. Hemp is the non-psychotic marijuana. That is to say, it is a sister plant of marijuana but without the high-causing properties.

CBD is the second most abundant cannabinoid in the plant. This compound inherits many of the medicinal properties of the cannabis plant and is today increasingly recommended as an organic medicinal supplement for a variety of ailments.

How does CBD heal the human body?

CBD is a cannabinoid. The human body has its own cannabinoid system known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS). This system has cannabinoid receptors throughout the human body. The ECS is responsible for maintaining several physiological processes in the body.

Since CBD is a cannabinoid, when it is injected into the body, it interacts with the ECS and sets off reactions which are good for the body. CBD’s effect on the body is contrastingly opposite to that of THC. Instead of causing an extremely excitant state of mind as THC does, CBD calms the mind and because of its natural healing properties, leaves therapeutic effects on the body.

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is oil that is derived from the stalk, flowers, leaves, and buds of the hemp plant. CBD oil is essentially a product that has been developed to allow the ingestion or consumption of CBD in the body.

CBD oil has primarily been used for medicinal purposes. Some of the most prominent effects of CBD are lessening inflammation and managing pain. However, more and more research is backing-up its use for conditions such as anxiety, depression, epilepsy, arthritis, cancer, insomnia, etc.

Medicinal uses of CBD oil are just one part of the picture. CBD oil is increasingly being used as an ingredient in beauty supplements. CBD has anti-oxidant properties which allow it to heal the skin and keep it fresh and smooth.

How is CBD oil made?

CBD oil is extracted from the flowers, stalks, buds, and leaves of the hemp plant. CBD oil is extracted from a CBD-rich hemp source. Manufacturers use plants that are naturally potent in CBD. The purpose here is to elevate the quality and yield of the product.

There are several different processes to make CBD oil.

Whole Plant Extraction

This process is where the entire hemp plant is used to extract CBD oil. This method restores the potential therapeutic benefits to the optimal level.

Isolates Extraction

This process removes all the plant matter and yields a 99% pure CBD isolate in crystalline powder form.

Alcohol Extraction

In alcohol extraction, the dried plant is tossed in with either ethanol or isopropyl. The alcohol acts as a solvent and pulls all the other cannabinoids from the plant leaving refined CBD oil behind.

CO2 Extraction

The most effective process of extracting CBD oil is through carbon dioxide chambers. The carbon dioxide reacts with the cannabinoids and then separates them.

Is CBD oil legal?

The legality of CBD oil changes from border to border. More often than not, it is related to the legality of the hemp plant. For instance, in the United State, hemp is legal in all 50 states. And CBD oil is increasing in demand. The state allows the sale of a CBD product that contains less than or equal to 0.3% of THC.

There are some other factors that contribute to determining the legality of CBD products. For instance, in the US, CBD derived from hemp is legal whereas CBD derived from whole-plant marijuana is illegal.

In the truest sense, wondering about the legality of CBD oil is not the right question to ask. CBD, at the end of everything, is just a component that, because of its many wonderful properties, is being made into different consumable products. Much like aloe vera.

CBD oil in India

At the federal level, the cannabis plant is illegal in India. However, its recreational use legal or tolerated in several states. These include West Bengal, Bihar, and some NE states. In Gujarat, using cannabis recreationally has been decriminalised.

On the medical front, India is yet to legalise cannabis. But, attempts are being made for that throughout the country. The scientists in India are increasingly advocating the use of medical cannabis.

The government of Himachal Pradesh has also stepped up to legalise the cultivation of cannabis after Uttar Pradesh. Moreover, the Indian Industrial Hemp Association has invested Rs. 1,100 crore in Uttrakhand for the cultivation of hemp.

What to ask yourself before buying CBD oil?

The use of CBD as a science-backed medicine is still fairly new and therefore the awareness around the topic is still nascent. Before you go ahead with your decision to buy CBD oil for an ailment, you should ask yourself these questions:

What is the background of the platform selling the product?

Background research of the platform has to be at the top of your priority list. Reviewing the experience others have had with the product or brand is a great way to gauge its legitimacy. This can provide some useful insights into the benefits of the product and can equally highlight potential problems you might run into.

Does the product contain 0.3% THC or less?

For a CBD product to be legal, and safe, it can only contain 0.3% or less of THC. Any amounts of THC above this can potentially induce psychoactive effects in the body.

What other ingredients are used in the product?

If we can scan the ingredients for a food item we buy, why not do it for CBD? Are the ingredients listed? If there are any names that you absolutely can’t pronounce or haven’t heard of, you should do a quick Google search to know what they are and if they have any negative side effects.

How was the CBD extracted?

There are multiple processes to extract CBD oil. The most standard is CO2 because it is safe and delivers a pure end product. However, other processes have their benefits as well. Just be sure to research them.

Amount of CBD in each dosage?

Understand how much CBD is in the product and how much would each dosage give you. Without knowing this, you won’t be able to decide how the product will fit into your life.

Where to buy CBD oil in India?

Now that we are clear on the background homework we need to do before buying CBD oil, let’s take a look at some of the most reliable sellers of CBD oil in and outside of India. The non-Indian companies listed here ship CBD oil products to India.

ENDOCA

Endoca is the first pharmaceutical company to produce 100% organic active pharmaceutical ingredients. Their products are made from certified organic hemp plants that are cultivated without any pesticides or herbicides.

  • CO2-extracted CBD oil
  • Lab tested products
  • Worldwide delivery
  • 100% organic

Shop here: Endoca shop

HEALTHY HEMP OIL

Helathy Hemp Oil has been in the CBD industry since 2014. They advocate the use of wholesome and natural products to improve life quality.

  • Third-Party Lab Tested for Purity
  • Worldwide delivery
  • 90-day money back guarantee
  • 100% organic and legal industrial hemp

Shop here: HealthyHempOil Shop

GREEN ROADS

Green Roads produces pharmacist-formulated CBD products. Green Roads is the leading manufacturer and distributor for more than 5000 retail stores all over the world.

  • Maximum potency and purity
  • Compounded by a licensed pharmacist
  • Highly-concentrated extraction process

Shop here: GreenRoads Shop

CBD PURE

CBD Pure makes CBD products with non-GMO hemp. Their products do not contain any synthetic ingredients.

  • Chemical-free CO extraction process
  • Third-party laboratory tested

Shop here: CBDPure Shop

CBD ESSENCE

CBD Essence is among the premier edibles manufacturers of legal food grade hemp infusions and extracts. They make CBD-only products that are highly absorptive.

  • Third-party laboratory tested
  • Organic hemp CO2 extract tincture

BOMBAY HEMP COMPANY PRIVATE LIMITED

Boheco is a company that is bringing a seismic shift in the Indian agriculture. The company is re-imagining the future of Indian agriculture with hemp cultivation.

  • CBD products made from organically grown hemp
  • All-over India shipping
  • Chemical-free products

Shop here: BOHECO Shop

A word from CBD Expert

CBD oil can have many benefits on the human body. It can treat a lot of problems and promote the overall well-being of a person. However, since the industry has suddenly risen to fame, there is still a lot of research to be done and knowledge to be gained.

We advise that you consult your doctor before you decide to use CBD oil for any medical condition you have. When buying a product, please ensure to do a background check on the company and the product.

Hemp Oil vs. CBD Oil: The Difference

While we appreciate how everyone has been talking about the many benefits of using hemp and CBD oils, there is one mistake being made. A lot of us have been using the terms hemp oil and CBD oil interchangeably. Those of us less informed on the matter might not think it to be a big deal but there is a big difference between the two.

What’s the difference?

CBD is a cannabinoid constituent in the hemp plant. H.emp oil and CBD oil differ w.r.t. the part of the hemp plant they are derived from. Hemp oil is derived from the seeds of the hemp plant. CBD oil is extracted from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant.

What is Hemp Oil?

Hemp Oil is typically extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. The seeds can contain as much as 50% of their weight in the oil. It can be derived from the seeds of any plant in the cannabis family but more often than not, it is derived from industrial hemp. The idea is to obtain the oil from those varieties of the cannabis plant that contain less amounts of THC (the psychoactive component of the plant).

Uses of Hemp Oil

The best-known use of hemp oil is in cooking as a replacement of conventional oils. Hemp oil contains as much as 76% of the essential fatty acids required by the human body. That is to say, it is used heavily as a source of protein. Because of its low amounts of saturated fats (about 5-7%), it finds a special spot in most kitchens. Primarily, it is used as a dietary supplement and food oil.

Hemp oil is also utilised as a significant ingredient in cosmetics such as shampoos, conditioners, and body lotions. This is owing to the rich amounts of Vitamin E present in the oil. That allows it to replenish the body and protect it against free radicals.

Ideally, hemp oil may also be used as the base, instead of petroleum, for different forms of plastic.

What is CBD Oil?

From what we already know, CBD is one of the different cannabinoids present in the hemp plant. CBD oil is extracted through the stalks, leaves, buds, and flowers of the hemp plant. CBD oil is derived from a hemp source that is naturally rich in CBD to increase the yield and quality.

Uses of CBD Oil

CBD oil has been primarily used for medicinal purposes. More and more research is being done to study the effects of CBD on various ailments in both humans and animals. Athletes often use CBD-based products for lessening inflammation and managing pain.

With increasing science-backed research, CBD is being used for easing medical conditions such as epilepsy, depression, anxiety, and stress. Recent studies show CBD oil to be effective in treating the side effects of chemotherapy such as nausea in cancer patients.

So what’s the difference?

The prime distinction between Hemp oil and CBD oil is the variety of plant they are derived from. However, their varied uses also highlight their differences.

Typically, and legally, hemp oil should contain low levels (less than 25 ppm) of CBD whereas CBD oil can have up to 15% of the component.

While both the oils have imperative applications in our daily life, their roles are different.

Hemp oil is good to pump your body with nutrients while CBD oil is your medical go-to.

Everything you need to know about CBD

The world—or at least some parts of it—is in the middle of a cannabis revolution which is being led by a CBD-centric moment. With CBD-based products expanding their horizon every single day and scientific research backing its many benefits for the human body, an increasing number of people are developing an interest in the substance. CBD is, in fact, the new buzzword around town.

But, as happens with everything that suddenly rises to fame, there is a lack of solid understanding of CBD. Well, we are here to offer you just that.

What is CBD?

An abbreviation for cannabinoid, CBD is a compound found in the cannabis plant. That’s right, cannabis as in marijuana. However, CBD comes from another variety of the cannabis plant called hemp. Hemp is popularly known as the non-psychotic marijuana because it contains low levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the component that causes the high when people smoke marijuana.

CBD typically constitutes to about 40% of the hemp variety of cannabis. After THC, CBD is second-most abundant cannabinoid in the plant. It is a phytocannabinoid that works on the Endocannabinoid System of the human body to keep it in balance. Unlike THC, it has no psychoactive properties and has, in fact, been developed to provide natural medicinal relief to numerous ailments of the human body.

CBD vs. THC

The relationship between CBD and THC is complicated. CBD, seemingly so, curtails some of THC’s undesirable effects. These include paranoia, impaired thinking, and heart palpitations. Unlike THC, CBD is an inverse agonist. In simple language, that means that CBD is not intoxicating. At the molecular level, it does the exact opposite of THC.

High-strain CBD

Cannabis consumers prize the potency of the plant as a prominent factor in the deciding the desirability of a particular strain. This is also a criterion that the government uses in determining the legality of a cannabis plant. With the times changing, many consumers now prefer less intense products. Consumers now favour products that have low amounts of THC and high amounts of CBD.

UNDERSTANDING CANNABIS STRAINS

Even though CBD is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the cannabis plant, a cannabis plant can deliver CBD in the following ratios:

  • High THC, low CBD (e.g. 10-30% THC and trace amounts of CBD)
  • Balanced CBD:THC (e.g. 5-15% of THC and CBD)
  • High CBD, low THC (e.g. 5-20% CBD and under 5% of THC)

High-CBD strains are more likely to deliver clear-headed, functional effects without causing the highassociated with THC. High-CBD strains are a great choice for people who need to medicate throughout the day to control inflammation, pain, anxiety, and other chronic conditions.

Balanced CBD:THC strains are more euphoric in comparison to the high-CBD strains. They are therefore, less likely to improve anxiety, paranoia, etc. These strains are, however, most efficate for pain relief.

High THC strains cause psychoactive and euphoric effects on the body causing an elated sense of activity, paranoia, dizziness, anxiety etc.

Pharmacological History of CBD

CBD was first discovered by Roger Adams in 1940. After the discovery, other scientists began testing isolated cannabinoids on animals. The trails on rabbits and mice with THC, CBD, and CBN showed no observable effects in the behaviour of animals. It was observed that THC caused a central excitant action in rabbits. However, the scientists were not aware of the chemical structure of the cannabinoid. So, research was slow.

In 1964, a scientist from Israel, Dr. Mechoulam, identified the structure of THC. This discovery made possible for them to understand the psychoactive nature of THC. In relation to this, they understood the non-intoxicating properties of CBD.

Dr. Mechoulam continued his research in 1980 w.r.t. cannabis and epilepsy. The study was done on 16 children each suffering from severe epilepsy. Every subject who received CBD showed improvement in the condition with minimum to no side-effects.

After this study registered the anticonvulsant properties of CBD, in 1993, scientists were able to establish its potent anti-anxiety and anxiolytic properties as well.

In spite of all these studies, CBD’s progress towards its place in the society was slow. Until 1996 when California became the first US state to legalize medical cannabis. This gave way to change in popular opinion and further research.

And the rest is present (not history).

What does CBD do?

CBD inherits many of the medicinal properties of the cannabis plant. Its anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiolytic properties enable it to act as a reliever of pain, natural stress, and anxiety to name a few.

The cannabis plant that CBD is derived from—hemp—has been used as medicine since antiquity. With the extraction of CBD and studies done on its potential, it is now being developed as an organic medicine for a number of medical conditions such as cancer, epilepsy, anxiety, depression, movement disorders, cognitions, and chronic pain.

How does CBD work?

CBD is a cannabinoid which interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) of the human body and is thus able to heal it. However, that has not always been the case. The ECS in the human body has been studied since the 20th century where researchers found different cannabinoid receptors in different parts of the body.

Two of these receptors were named CB1 and CB2 and were thoroughly analysed. The analysis revealed a vital signalling system between these and cannabinoid receptors in the cannabis plant. The scientists decided to call it the endocannabinoids.

Further research revealed that the ECS is vital in maintaining an ideal balance between different independent systems of the body. That is to say, scientists discovered that there are systems in the body which are solely dependent on cannabinoid interaction for their proper functioning.

CBD interacts directly with a number of proteins in the body—some of which are components of the ECS. For example, CBD binds with CB1 and CB2 to set off a reaction essentially opposite to that of THC. The ECS has multiple other receptors such as TRPV1, GPR3, GPR6 etc. CBD binds with all of these and many of its therapeutic effects take place through these pathways.

BEYOND ECS

CBD’s interaction with the human body, however, is not restricted to the ECS. Till date, scientists have discovered about 12 different mechanisms of action in which CBD affects the human body. It is highly likely that the therapeutic effects of CBD are a result of the activation of all of these mechanisms and not just a single one in particular. More research to understand this to the ground is in process.

Outside of the ECS, CBD is responsible for mildly activating one of the brain’s predominant receptors—5-HT1A. This activation can potentially explain CBD’s effects on depression and anxiety. CBD also acts as PPARs (peroxisome proliferator activated receptors) which stop the growth of cancer cells. Multiple scientific researches indicate that because of this CBD can be the next solution for ovarian cancer. Moreover, CBD interaction with a particular PPAR (gamma) can prove to be a promising solution for preventing Alzheimer’s disease and other related brain disorders.

Where does CBD help?

CBD’s gaining popularity has been because of its medical and nutritional benefits. At present, there are close to a 100 clinical trials enrolling patients to study the efficacy of CBD in multiple diseases such as post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, depression, substance use disorder, etc. The list of medical conditions that CBD can help with is ever-expanding. Some of the most common uses of CBD in medicine include:

PAIN RELIEF

The ECS in our body participates in pain processing by absorbing anandamide, a pain-regulating compound. Anandamide is one of our body’s natural cannabinoid molecule. When CBD interacts with the ECS, it stops the ECS from absorbing this compound. This inhibition jolts the excess quantity into the bloodstream that in turn reduces pain.

According to this scientific research, CBD targets the alpha-3 glycine receptors in the body to subdue chronic pain and inflammation caused by dysfunctional glycine receptors. This is an imperative target for pain processing in the spine.

ADDICTION TREATMENT

A 2015 comprehensive review of 14 studies on CBD’s effect on substance addiction revealed that it may indeed have therapeutic properties on cocaine, opioid, and psychostimulant addiction. Other studies show us that CBD can help with addiction of marijuana and tobacco.

EPILEPSY AND SEIZURES

Apart from its anti-inflammatory and anti-analgesic properties, what draws everybody’s attention to CBD is its anticonvulsant nature. A significant number of clinical trials have shown that CBD can effectively reduce seizures in children. While more extensive studies are needed in order to understand these relationships fully, one possible explanation is available. It is likely that CBD’s neuroprotective properties come from its interaction with NMDA receptors. These receptors are at the centre of overly active neuron activity which is a hallmark of conditions such as epilepsy.

OTHER POTENTIAL USES

CBD’s medicinal properties are at the centre of an elevating number of scientific researches. In these studies, CBD has shown a wide range of health effects in addition to the ones discussed above. According to studies, CBD has anti-psychotic effects. This indicates that it can potentially help people with schizophrenia and other similar mental disorders by curtailing psychotic symptoms.

Research also points towards the anti-tumour effects of CBD. The conclusions of these studies suggest that CBD can assist in the prevention of brain, lung, colon, ovarian, prostate, and breast cancer.

CBD’s effects on people with diabetes are also backed by science. In a particular study, CBD reduced the diabetic incidence by 56% while significantly reducing inflammation.

What are the side-effects of CBD?

CBD is a generally well-tolerated compound and is considered to be safe. It is a natural medicine with virtually zero fatal episodes associated with its use. Studies and researches have rated the herb as the least dangerous substance. This is in comparison to substances of the like of alcohol and nicotine with respect to toxicity.

However, at the bottom of it all, CBD is a chemical substance that is being introduced to the body’s biology. Therefore, it can bring with itself its own set of side effects. More often than not, these side-effects are not serious. But if you use, or plan to use CBD in the future, it will play to your advantage to know of these.

CBD SIDE-EFFECTS

A wholesome document of the safety and side effects of CBD was published in the Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research journal in 2017. The review begins by shedding light on the numerous clinical trials that CBD is a part of. Most of these trails are focused on conditions of epilepsy and psychotic disorders. The side effects highlighted in the document include:

  • Tiredness
  • Diarrhoea
  • Change in Weight
  • Change in Appetite

On the whole, these side effects are quite minor. According to the authors of the review, CBD has a better side effect profile than the other drugs used for the treatment of same conditions.

Some other side effects that have been noticed in different researches are:

  • Dizziness
  • Dry Mouth
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Mood swings

Another review by Current Drug Safety shows that CBD has no adverse effects on the physiological parameters. These include body temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, gastrointestinal transit, food intake, and psychological and psychomotor functions.

Other side effects of CBD have been witnessed in interference with other medications. Therefore, it is always wise to consult with your physician before starting on CBD.

What are the different CBD products?

Through science and determination, CBD has worked its way into an entire host of products:

  • Flower: Combusting or vaporising flowers allows users to experience the therapeutic benefits of CBD almost immediately. It is the most popular form of cannabis because of its versatility. It offers multiple consumption methods such as smoking through a pipe or bong or rolling it into a joint.
  • Isolate: CBD isolates are CBD in the purest form—a fine white powder. This is an incredibly distant form of CBD as it resembles other substances which look suspiciously. Yet, this crystalline form of CBD is versatile and allows users to measure exactly the amount of CBD they are feeding themselves.
  • Concentrates: CBD concentrates include CBD oil, vape pens, cartridges, syringes etc. CBD concentrates are what bridge the gap between CBD flower and CBD isolate.
  • Infusions: Research surrounding CBD has led to chefs and chemists joining hands to create a wide range of useful products such as edibles, sublingual sprays, capsules, and topicals. Each infusion supports specific combinations or isolations of CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids. This allows users to pick and choose the products that can serve their exact needs.

For instance, CBD topicals are highly effective on surface-level problems such as bruises, headaches, joint pains etc.

Is CBD legal?

There is no one-fits-all answer to the legality of CBD. Over the last 5 decades, governments around the world banned cannabis for its psychoactive effects. This formed a pejorative perspective about the plant and anything associated with it. However, with time and scientific research, the popular opinion about cannabis is shifting. Science is revealing to us the many medical benefits of different varieties of the cannabis plant. Hemp is one such variety, the major component of which is CBD.

These discoveries are giving way to a lasting impact on the society inclusive of the governing laws. The legality of CBD varies from region to region. It is legal in some countries, such as the United States, while completely illegal in others such as India.

A lot of factors contribute towards determining the legality of CBD. For instance, in the United States, hemp-derived CBD is legal. CBD derived from whole-plant marijuana is illegal in most countries.

Some states determine the legality of a CBD product based on the level of THC present. For example, CBD products containing less than or equal to 0.3% THC is considered legal. Anything above that percentage is an illegal product.

LEGAL STATE OF HEMP IN INDIA

Cannabis plants are illegal in India. The relationship of India with cannabis dates back to antiquity. However, it was scheduled as a hard drug in 1961. In 2015, the country saw the earliest organised efforts to re-legalise cannabis. The following years saw multiple requests about making medical marijuana and hemp legal. Many state governments are also moving towards getting hemp legalised.

A word from CBD Expert

CBD is on its journey to become the new alternative medicine. The Itshemp community is CBD-positive and promotes its use for a healthier lifestyle. But we also strongly recommend that before you start using CBD, you consult your doctor. CBD can interfere with some medications which is why it is important to know whether it is appropriate for you.

Also, the legality of CBD varies from country to country and state to state. A 2017 study in the Journal of American Medical Association shows that about 60-70% of CBD-products sold online are incorrectly labelled. We advise that you be cautious of the platforms you buy CBD products from.

CBD: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is CBD?

CBD is one of the two major cannabinoid compounds present in the hemp and marijuana varieties of the cannabis plant. It has neuro-protectant, analgesic, and inflammatory qualities. Unlike the other cannabinoid THC, CBD is non-psychoactive.

Can CBD get you high?

No. CBD does not contain any psychoactive component. Using CBD-based products present zero chances of feeling intoxicated.

Is it safe?

CBD and CBD-based products processed by reputed companies are high-quality that reach the market after a series of tests. The CBD products manufactured by these companies come from the hemp plants that are grown outdoors under natural sunlight without pesticides.

Is CBD legal?

The legality of CBD differs from area to area. Companies that manufacture CBD-based products are unable to give legal advice on CBD. More often than not, in states/areas/regions that allow medicinal and recreational use of cannabis, CBD is legal. However, it’s always good to research the by-laws for your region before you decide to grow/buy/sell CBD and CBD-based products.

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is made by mixing a CBD extract into a solvent base such as alcohol or hemp seed oil.

What is ‘raw’ CBD oil?

Raw CBD oil refers to the very first extraction of CBD oil. It is not filtered or decarboxylated and thus contains CBD in its acid form.

What is the difference between marijuana and hemp?

Hemp and marijuana are both varieties of the cannabis plant. They are usually differentiated by the percentage of the two major cannabinoids present in them. Hemp is rich in CBD (the therapeutic cannabinoid) while marijuana has high percentage of THC (the high-causing cannabinoid).

What is the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil?

The difference between CBD oil and hemp oil are is done on the basis of their derivation process. Hemp oil is typically derived from the seeds of the hemp plant. CBD oil is derived from the flowers, stalks, buds, and leaves of the plant. Learn more about the difference here.

What do you use CBD for?

Studies are finding that CBD is useful for conditions that do not respond well to conventional treatments. Most common uses of CBD are to treat chronic pain, anxiety, and epilepsy.

Is CBD water soluble?

No. Water-soluble forms of CBD are not naturally occurring products. The process of making CBD products water soluble includes the process of nano-emulsion. This process employs high-frequency ultrasound to induce the process of cavitation. Cavitation forms small, water-soluble spheres (liposomes).  The CBD molecules are suspended in the liposomes which float in the water.

Manufacturers make the claim that water-soluble CBD is more beneficial. However, there is no data supporting it.

Will CBD interact with my other medication?

It’s possible. The enzymes that metabolise CBD are CYP450 enzymes. These are responsible for metabolizing many commonly used drugs. CBD can constrain the activity of these enzymes. You must take precaution when using CBD with life-preserving medicines for serious conditions. For e.g. medication for epilepsy.

Do you need a prescription for CBD?

No. The FDA approves of CBD as a pharmaceutical or dietary supplement. You can buy it without a prescription.

What are the effects of CBD?

CBD studies show CBD to have the following effects:

  • non-psychoactive
  • anti-inflammatory
  • stops nausea
  • reduces pain and muscle spasms
  • reduces anxiety/depression
  • antioxidant
  • neuro-protectant
  • anti-tumour

What are the side-effects of CBD?

CBD is a safe compound which typically does not produce any side effects. However, some reported side effects include dry mouth, drowsiness, fatigue, changes to appetite and weight, diarrhoea, and light-headedness.

Is CBD addictive?

CBD is not an addictive drug. In fact, some studies show that CBD can help break people’s addiction to harmful substances.

What is the appropriate CBD dosage?

An effective dosage can range from 5mg to 150mg CBD per day. But, we recommend that you always consult with a doctor before settling on a dosage.

Can you overdose on CBD?

Experiments show that CBD is safe to use in high doses. CBD will not cause a fatal overdose. However, it is possible to take too much of CBD. Consequences include lethargy and drowsiness.

Will you fail a drug test if you take CBD?

Nope. Drug tests look for THC, not CBD. Some CBD-based products do contain THC in small amounts. If a person uses CBD oil in large quantities, they can fail a drug test.

Can you take CBD through airport security?

Yes. But, it might not make it through customs. CBD is yet illegal in some nations and may cause fine or jail time.

What are the different CBD products?

  • CBD oils, also known as CBD tinctures.
  • CBD edibles are the new products taking the world by storm. Foods infused with CBD include chocolates, gummy bears, and CBD gum. These enable oral administration of CBD.
  • CBD vape oil is a liquid made for vaping.
  • CBD balms, lotions, and sprays are also available.

What is the best way to take CBD?

There are four main sublingual ways to take CBD.

  • Tinctures/sprays
  • Topical balms/lotions
  • Oral edibles
  • Inhalation by vaporization/smoking

CBD may reduce your Anxiety

CBD and its many therapeutic uses are amassing a whole heap of interest around the world – from both inside and outside the medical profession. And yet, evidence of its efficacy remains largely anecdotal, however, a small number of clinical trials have found that CBD decreases symptoms of anxiety.

Quite exciting news for the over 120 million people throughout Europe and the U.S., who suffer from anxiety disorders every day.

If you suffer from anxiety, your life may be a constant, stomach-churning cycle ranging from sleepless nights and depression to panic attacks and extreme phobias. But whatever form it takes, life becomes severely limited when you feel that you must avoid any anxiety-provoking situations.

The standard medical route is to prescribe antidepressants, such as SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors), which can in some circumstances make anxiety symptoms worse. It seems strange then that there is such resistance against the use of CBD for anxiety disorders within the medical profession, particularly with the mounting groundswell of evidence of its effectiveness.

CBD and Anxiety

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over 100 natural compounds, also known as cannabinoids, in the Cannabis plant. Most people have heard of THC, or Tetrahydrocannabinol – the one that gets you high, but unfortunately for many people, THC can actually bring on feelings of paranoia and anxiety.

However, CBD is considered non-psychoactive with an increasing number of studies revealing its anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antiepileptic qualities. But does CBD help with anxiety?

So far, most research hasn’t made it beyond the science lab with very few human trials taking place. But in the case of CBD and its anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effects, a number of trials on human subjects have been documented that taking CBD drops for anxiety does in-fact help reduce heightened levels of restlessness and stress.

In one test published in Neuropsychopharmacology (1) in 2011, 24 people diagnosed with Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) were given either CBD or a placebo after which they were asked to perform a simulated public speaking test. According to the trial, just some of CBD’s effects on anxiety included “significantly reduced anxiety, cognitive impairment, and discomfort in their speech performance, and significantly decreased alert in their anticipatory speech. The placebo group presented higher anxiety, cognitive impairment, discomfort, and alert levels when compared with the control group.”

Another test, published the same year in the Journal of Psychopharmacology, used neuroimaging on ten people also with SAD who had taken CBD to find out what parts of the brain are affected. Administering CBD for anxiety “was associated with significantly decreased subjective anxiety’ and through the neuroimaging they could see that this was due to CBD’s effect on the ‘activity in limbic and paralimbic brain areas.” The limbic system is largely responsible for our emotional life and formation of memories.

So far, the trials have been few and carried out on a limited number of subjects, but the results are certainly promising.

And it would seem that trials weren’t off the mark. People around the world claim CBD has helped them more than anything else:

“I have been having issues with anxiety and mood after quitting antidepressants. Also suffered with back pain and sciatica. All are somewhat of a distant memory. My mood has leveled off. My back pains are not as severe. I use 5 drops twice a day. Great product and great company” 

-James, CBD Product user

And like James, Paul has felt the difference CBD can make for controlling both mood and anxiety:

“Provides good relief of anxiety and ‘clears’ the mind bringing about a bit of serenity and calmness. Highly recommended” 

-Paul, Verified CBD User

The Endocannabinoid System Plays a Vital Role

To understand why CBD for anxiety might help, we first have to understand a bit more about how cannabinoids interact with our bodies. It’s largely due to one of the most important physiological systems in our body, called the Endocannabinoid System (ECS): a vast network of chemical compounds and receptors throughout the body. The primary function of the ECS is to regulate a multitude of functions, from inflammation and pain regulation, immune response, mood, neurogenesis, and neuroplasticity.

Our body produces its own chemicals called endocannabinoids that, when fitting into receptors such as the CB1 and CB2, cause various modulating responses throughout the body. One endocannabinoid called Anandamide is similar to the phytocannabinoid THC found in cannabis. When we produce anandamide, we tend to feel at ease and relaxed, just how many people feel after inhaling cannabis smoke or ingesting cannabis edibles. Both Anandamide and THC fit snugly into the CB1 receptors that are found mostly in the central nervous system, which affects cognition and brain function.

CBD and brain function

CBD, like THC, is a plant cannabinoid (phytocannabinoid), but unlike THC, CBD doesn’t fit directly into any of the receptors of the ECS. Instead, it interacts indirectly not only with the CB1 and CB2 receptors, but also with another receptor related to mood and brain function, the 5HT1-A. The 5HT1-A is a serotonin receptor and is found throughout the brain, and in high densities in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus and amygdala – all heavily involved in the mood and anxiety disorders.

Turns out that CBD is a 5HT1-A partial agonist – which in layman’s terms means it binds to the receptor site, but only stimulates the receptor partially – but scientists suggest it does so just enough to elicit an anti-anxiety effect.

Studies also suggest that CBD’s ability to promote hippocampal neurogenesis (the part of the brain responsible for memory, emotion and the autonomic nervous system) could also explain why anxiety is reduced.

And remember the feel-good endocannabinoid, Anandamide? Well, taking CBD can also take part in ensuring that we have bountiful levels of it in our bodies. Anandamide is broken down naturally in the body by an enzyme called FAAH (Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase), but CBD inhibits the production of FAAH, meaning that there’s more anandamide doing its mood-mediating work.

How to Take CBD for Anxiety

There is a range of products made to be administered in different ways. Most common are the CBD drops, which are best taken the by sublingual administration, but can also be taken orally, epidermally, and even vaginally or anally (though we suggest using CBD suppositories for this – a whole lot easier). This method has proven to have long-lasting effects and allows the body to metabolize the CBD, delivering relief to where it is needed.

CBD vaping is also a fantastic way to get CBD into your body fast. If you feel a panic attack coming on, vaping CBD is one of the fastest-acting methods of CBD administration, which could mean the difference of having a full blown panic attack or a slight increase in stress. Though a fast and efficient way to get your CBD, it isn’t as long-lasting as other methods and, due to recent investigations into vaping, could actually be harmful. This highlights the importance of you deciding which delivery method works best for you.

There are many other ways of administering CBD – like CBD Capsules for swallowing with no flavors, CBD Suppositories, CBD Oil, and pastes, and even ointments & salves- so do your research and find what product may be right for you.

OK, CBD Sounds Amazing – Now What?

CBD, as we know, is a natural cannabinoid found in cannabis, but in most countries, cannabis is illegal because it contains THC – the compound that gets you high. However, CBD can also be found in hemp – which is effectively the same plant as cannabis only hemp has been cultivated for its super-low levels of THC – which is legal almost everywhere in the world.

As scientific and anecdotal evidence begins to mount, so does the interest for CBD, from consumers to those selling the product. Some unscrupulous companies are beginning to take advantage of the CBD gold rush, so it is vitally important to find a clean, ethically produced source of CBD oil that comes with Organic and GMP (Good Manufacturing Process) certification.

We always recommend that people do their own research, like looking at peer reviews on sites such as Trustpilot. Of course, these only count as further anecdotal evidence, but they are a good indication of the quality of a product and the customer care involved.

A quick glance through Trustpilot also indicates the positive impact that CBD oil has had on the lives of many anxiety sufferers. Here are just a few testimonies reporting their experiences with CBD. People everywhere are relishing the relief CBD has been able to bring them.

References

  1. Bergamaschi MM1, Queiroz RH, Chagas MH, de Oliveira DC, De Martinis BS, Kapczinski F, Quevedo J, Roesler R, Schröder N, Nardi AE, Martín-Santos R,Hallak JE, Zuardi AW, Crippa JA. (2011). Cannabidiol reduces the anxiety induced by simulated public speaking in treatment-naïve social phobia patients. Neuropsychopharmacology. 36(6):1219-26
  2. Crippa JA1, Derenusson GN, Ferrari TB, Wichert-Ana L, Duran FL, Martin-Santos R, Simões MV, Bhattacharyya S, Fusar-Poli P, Atakan Z, Santos Filho A,Freitas-Ferrari MC, McGuire PK, Zuardi AW, Busatto GF, Hallak JE.(2011) Neural basis of anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in generalized social anxiety disorder: a preliminary report. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 25(1):121-30
  3. Leonardo BM Resstel, Rodrigo F Tavares, Sabrina FS Lisboa, Sâmia RL Joca, Fernando MA Corrêa and Francisco S Guimarães. 5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats. 2009. British Journal of Pharmacology. 156(1): 181–188
  4. Campos AC1, Ortega Z, Palazuelos J, Fogaça MV, Aguiar DC, Díaz-Alonso J, Ortega-Gutiérrez S, Vázquez-Villa H, Moreira FA, Guzmán M, Galve-Roperh I,Guimarães FS.Neural basis of anxiolytic effects of cannabidiol (CBD) in generalized social anxiety disorder: a preliminary report. (2013). Journal of Psychopharmacology. 16(6):1407-19.
  5. Bluett RJ, Gamble-George JC, Hermanson DJ, Hartley ND, Marnett LJ, Patel S. Central anandamide deficiency predicts stress-induced anxiety: behavioral reversal through endocannabinoid augmentation. (2014). Translational Psychiatry. 4:e40 1038/tp.2014.53.

CBD useful for de-addiction?

CBD otherwise known as Cannabidiol is the cannabis compound of the moment. Controlling epileptic seizures, reducing inflammation, and easing chronic pain are just some of its reported benefits. But researchers are looking into a potential use for CBD that might just surprise you – as a pharmacological treatment for treating substance abuse and addiction.

Yes, you heard it right. A compound found in cannabis, the plant classified as a Schedule 1 drug because of its purported ‘potential for abuse,’ is currently the subject of several clinical trials testing its efficacy for treating addiction to everything from heroin, cocaine, amphetamine, tobacco, alcohol, and even cannabis itself.

The fact that CBD is non-addictive, non-psychoactive, is safe to take in doses up to 1500 mg a day and appears to reduce the drug cravings and anxiety experienced by addicts, means that CBD shows great promise as a non-toxic way to aid the addiction recovery process.

What is addiction?

But to understand why there is so much interest in CBD as a method for treating substance abuse, we must first look at the nature of addiction.

The American Society of Disease Medicine characterizes addiction by a subject’s “inability to consistently abstain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, diminished recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response. Like other chronic diseases, addiction often involves cycles of relapse and remission. Without treatment or engagement in recovery activities, addiction is progressive and can result in disability or premature death.”

Drugs target the relapse cycle

In addiction treatment, targeting craving and relapse after an initial withdrawal period is a major target of pharmacotherapies, as one often leads to the other. According to Narconon.org, ‘an addicted person experiencing drug cravings will feel like life itself is dependent on getting and consuming whatever substance is causing those cravings. They will feel justified in saying or doing whatever it takes to feel that satisfaction and relief.”

Scientists have found that the symptoms of craving are mediated by increased transmission of the neurotransmitter, glutamate found in areas of the brain such as the hippocampus, the region in the brain responsible for learning and memory. This may explain why cravings such as anxiety, irritability, sweating, and palpitations can occur years into abstinence, when a situation or person stimulates a drug-related memory, creating a greater risk of relapse.

Can CBD reduce craving?

Most research until now has been into the use of CBD for heroin addiction with both pre-clinical research and some small pilot studies showing promising results. While CBD doesn’t change the effect of the initial administration of the drug (unlike THC, which can make the effect of heroin stronger), scientists have observed a lessening of what are known as ‘cue-induced cravings’, a type of craving brought on by a stimulus, such as when smokers associate finishing a meal with lighting up a cigarette.

In a double-blind, placebo study heroin addicts were administered a single dose of CBD over 3 consecutive days. Their propensity for craving was then tested by exposing them to opioid-related and neutral video stimuli at 1 hour, 24 hours and 7 days after the CBD was given. Compared to the placebo, the subjects taking CBD found their cravings were lessened, an effect that lasted for 7 days after treatment.

Less anxiety experienced

Furthermore, a reduction in anxiety levels was also noted, with the study’s author highlighting the “potential therapeutic efficacy of CBD to reduce negative states in opioid-dependent individuals, which may, in turn, predict reduced craving and hence reduce the likelihood of relapse behavior.”  This could be due to CBD’s partial activation of the 5HT1-A serotonin receptor, which scientists believe explains its general anti-anxiety and mood enhancing effect.

However, it’s still not clear why CBD reduces cue-induced cravings. Previous preclinical trials on rats found that alterations in glutamate transmission and endocannabinoid signalling were normalised after administering CBD. And the fact that these changes remain present for 7 days after the subjects had been given CBD suggests a “long-term impact on synaptic plasticity” may occur. This essentially means that the addict’s brain has undergone a kind of rewiring that may reduce craving and relapse on a more long-term basis. Exciting news for anyone who has witnessed the never-ending cycle of abstinence and reusing experienced by many addicts.

Tobacco cravings also alleviated by CBD

Similar findings were observed in a study carried out by University College London, in which cigarette smokers were given an inhaler containing CBD. 24 smokers were recruited and split into two groups: the CBD and the placebo. Both groups were encouraged to use their inhaler whenever they felt the urge to smoke a cigarette. The group using the CBD inhaler found that they smoked 40% less cigarettes, compared to the placebo group where there was no change.

The authors noted, “we found that CBD seems to reduce the salience of cues. It also can reduce anxiety and may affect a memory process called ‘reconsolidation,’ which is when a memory of the reward of smoking is re-activated by seeing someone smoking, it is rendered vulnerable to destruction.”

A current clinical trial is also underway investigating the effects of CBD on cocaine craving and relapse.

Can cannabis addiction be treated by CBD?

But perhaps the most surprising use of CBD in addiction is in the treatment of what’s been termed ‘Cannabis Misuse Disorder.’ Researchers have found that CBD can reduce “wanting” and “liking” of cannabis-related stimuli suggesting “that CBD has potential as a treatment for cannabis dependence.”

A 2012 study on a 19-year-old patient in Brazil who had smoked cannabis since the age of 13, suggested that CBD can also reduce withdrawal symptoms from cannabis. Researchers found that by administering synthetic cannabidiol, the subject’s withdrawal symptoms eased after a few days, and she was able to successfully quit her addiction.

further randomised trial is underway at University College London to find the most effective dose of Cannabidiol for reducing cannabis use over a 4 week period, which will be followed by a stage two trial to determine whether this is an effective treatment for cannabis dependence.

CBD repairs damage caused to the brain by addiction

Serious addiction ravages the body, but also causes long-term neurodegeneration, associated with the over-activation of glutamate receptors resulting in a progressive loss of neurons.

CBD has been patented by the US Federal government as a neuroprotectant due to its powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Its ability to inhibit glutamate transmission also makes it of particular interest in combatting the damage caused by alcohol or drug-related neurotoxicity.

In a study carried out on rodent models, CBD was found to lessen the neurodegeneration caused by alcohol abuse. 5% CBD gel was applied transdermally resulting in a 48% reduction in  neurodegeneration in the entorhinal cortex which the researchers suggest demonstrates “the feasibility of using CBD transdermal delivery systems for the treatment of alcohol-induced neurodegeneration.”

So, as counterintuitive as it might initially seem to suggest that a compound found in the cannabis plant might combat drug and alcohol addiction, larger scale clinical studies may soon reveal whether Cannabidiol can indeed lessen the craving/relapse cycle associated with substance abuse, as well as easing withdrawal symptoms.

In the meantime, we would love to know whether you have found CBD helpful while quitting an addiction. What has been your experience? Did it help reduce the withdrawal symptoms? Please leave your comments below.

Use CBD for Exercise?

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) recently made a big change: though they still do not allow athletes to utilize medical cannabis, they’re allowing for athletes to use CBD-only supplements.

Though the WADA doesn’t govern all anti-doping regulations, they do set the tone, and other anti-doping authorities are likely to follow within the next year. Athletes the world over will now have more freedom to access the health and wellness benefits of CBD, without being disqualified from competing. But why are athletes using CBD supplements, and what can CBD do for your exercise routine? It turns out that there are a variety of benefits, even for those of us who don’t exercise as part of our profession.

CBD for Sports: “It Helps”

The WADA change came after MMA fighter Nate Diaz took a drag from a CBD vaporizer pen during a post-fight press conference, in direct violation of the rules, and explained the benefits he experienced from the supplement: “It helps with the healing process and inflammation and things like that, so you want to get these for before or after the fights, in training. It’ll make your life a better place,” Nate Diaz told press, potentially endangering his career.

Rather than ruining his career, Diaz opened the way for more athletes to use cannabidiol (CBD) to supplement and support their exercise regimen. CBD supplements can be great both pre- and post-workout to prevent inflammation like Diaz pointed out, but that’s not all. Research shows that CBD can improve recovery, especially after injury, reduce pain and muscle spasms, improve sleep, and stimulate appetite.

This is because of CBD’s effect on the human endocannabinoid system, which regulates various aspects of how our bodily functions. There are a huge variety of cannabinoids and CBD is one of the two most common cannabinoids. It’s right after THC, which also has health benefits but creates the psychoactive effect or “high” that’s associated with recreational cannabis use.

CBD’s Effects on the Body

CBD interacts with specific receptors that are found throughout the body and there are a few that specifically benefit exercise. CBD activates the TRPV1 receptor, also referred to as the vanilloid receptor, which controls inflammation and sensitivity to pain. It blocks the GPR55 receptor, which controls “nociception” – the response of the nervous system to potentially harmful stimuli, which causes a sensation of pain. It also activates the serotonin 5-HT1A receptor, which helps regulate stress, mood and anxiety.

The cannabinoid also supports various endocannabinoids – cannabinoids that the body produces “in-house,” so to speak. One of these is anandamide, the primary endocannabinoid produced in the body. It’s a neurotransmitter that increases activation of endocannabinoid receptors, reducing pain and inflammation. Anandamide has also been found in conjunction with endorphins, the body’s natural opioids, when we experience what’s commonly referred to as a “runner’s high”. Runner’s high is a natural buzz that comes after any cardio-heavy exercise. Since CBD promotes the endocannabinoid, it likely also helps promote that natural buzz that comes post-workout.

Another endocannabinoid that CBD supports is adenosine, a neurotransmitter that researchers believe also reduces inflammation. Pain and inflammation are a normal part of exercise, as we push our bodies to become stronger, and relieving that pain and inflammation is an important part of regular healthy exercise. I have personally known people who exercise regularly and use high doses of aspirin to relieve the resulting pain and inflammation, which can be damaging in the long run. CBD oils and capsules are a supplement that doesn’t seem to cause any damage, and certainly not the kind of damage that is caused by taking maximum doses of aspirin on a daily or regular basis.

CBD and Good Exercise Regimes

Proper sleep is also an integral part of a successful exercise regimen: you have to put the effort in, but your body also needs rest and recovery for that effort to be effective. Exercise is already known to help improve sleep – supporting healthy circadian rhythms, quality of sleep and preventing insomnia – but CBD can further encourage quality sleep. 

Appetite and eating generally are also obviously beneficial to exercise: food provides nutrients and energy that are beneficial both before, during and after working out. Studies suggest that eating an hour before working out improves workout performance and can help you work out longer or at a higher intensity. Not eating before a workout can cause lightheadedness or general tiredness during workout, making focus more difficult. Snacking during a workout can prevent distracting hunger pains and if you’re going to be working out for more than 60 minutes, a high-carb snack can help keep you fueled. Eating a meal that’s high in protein and carbs post-workout is suggested for helping your muscles recover, restoring their glycogen stores. The increased appetite provided by a CBD supplement can help encourage proper eating to support your exercise regimen.

In short, CBD can be a wonderful addition to the supplements you take, in order to keep you at your best in a variety of aspects of your workout.

How to take CBD Products: CBD User Guide

For some, choosing between various CBD products can be a difficult task, especially when you take into account all the different ways to administer CBD. Depending on why you’re using CBD, the way you administer it may vary. To make it just a little more simple for you, we have put together this easy user guide, explaining why you may use one administration technique over others and what product best suits you.

Administration Techniques

Why would you use one kind of administration technique over others? The answer is simple: Depending on what you’re taking CBD for, different delivery methods can impact potency, efficacy and even effects of the CBD on your body. Here, we will go through the different methods one can use and why you may choose one option over another.

Sublingual

This is probably the most popular method of using CBD. This is done by placing your CBD oil, CBD butter or CBD paste under the tongue and allowing it to sit there for as long as possible without swallowing.

This technique is favoured over others, because it diffuses the CBD through the mucous membrane beneath your tongue. This thin layer of membrane allows the CBD to enter the bloodstream far more efficiently and rapidly, instead of travelling through the digestive tract which can break down and metabolise some of the important compounds in our CBD products.

Although much of the CBD taken in this way goes through the digestive tract, the efficacy is increased dramatically when allowed to sit under the tongue for at least 60 seconds before swallowing.

sublingual drops

Why might you use sublingual method over others?

For some, it comes down to ease and availability. This method can be done anytime and anywhere, which gives the user quite a lot of freedom. Other ways may not be so straightforward and may even require privacy, but we’ll get to that bit later.

The usual way to take any medication is predominantly orally. This means the medication must go through almost all of your digestive tract, before getting to where it needs to be. Your stomach acid and bile further metabolize and break down the compounds within the medication, after which it gets to the large intestine, where it is broken down even further and then absorbed by the body. By this stage, you’re left with far less punch from your medication, but from here, it’s an easy road to the liver where it is then distributed to where it is needed.

So to get more bang for your buck, as well as a far more efficacious CBD, under the tongue seems the way to go.

The sublingual method is optimal for reducing:

  • Insomnia
  • Mood disorders
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea
  • Depression
  • Some forms of chronic pain
  • Epilepsy
  • Psychosis
  • Incidence of diabetes
  • And to treat some forms of inflammation

To get the benefits of sublingual administration, all you need to do is to place two to three drops of CBD underneath the tongue and hold it there for as long as you can before swallowing. You can do this two to three times a day, increasing the amount in small increments until you begin to feel the effects you want.

Inhalation

This method is known the world over as the way to use cannabis, especially when in its natural plant state. Images of marijuana users toking up on a bong or a joint may come to mind, but did you know there are other ways of getting all the benefits of cannabis, without the smoke?

Many know that inhaling anything can be bad for your body, creating a buildup of mucus in the esophagus due to irritation of the cilia – the microscopic hair-like structures inside the throat that moves mucus around. Users of both THC and CBD are now starting to use a safer method of administration.

Vapourising CBD and THC has become a popular method of use for those who want the therapeutic effects of cannabis, without the harm that comes from inhaling the smoke.

Why might you use inhalation method over others?

Inhalation has been found to have far higher bioavailability than other CBD products, as the lungs have higher permeability, a larger surface area and better blood supply than oral or sublingual methods. But, the downside to this method is that the effects can be far less pertinent than other methods. So, you get faster effects, but they last for a shorter period of time.

The inhalation method is best for reducing:

  • Depression
  • Addiction
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Insomnia
  • Mood disorders
  • Pain

The best, cleanest and safest method of inhalation is through vapourisers or electronic cigarettes. This ensures that you are not inhaling damaging smoke and gives you far more freedom, as you can dose how and when you want, night and day.

Suppository

Unfortunately, due to its more hands-on approach, this delivery method is often purposefully overlooked. It requires a little more time, preparation and perhaps a certain amount of privacy to be utilised, but the benefits are comparatively incredible. Suppositories are usually capsule-shaped pills that are intended for anal or vaginal insertion.

Why might you use Suppository method over others?

The main reason why people use this method over others is due to its bioavailability, as the membrane in your rectum and vagina is incredible permeable, with a high amount of blood vessels for the CBD to enter into. It is probably the ultimate way to get your CBD, as it bypasses all metabolic processes.

If you’re using the suppository method for anything to do with gut health, reproductive health or even pain management, it is as direct a pathway as you can get, with a high absorption rate and very little waste.

Suppository method is optimal for:

  • Pain management
  • Reproductive health
  • Gut health
  • Depression
  • Nausea
  • Stress & more

Sometimes, the suppository method can be difficult to administer, especially if you are not in a private or safe environment. It requires the user to maintain higher levels of hygiene and care, and can take some getting used to. But medical professionals agree that suppositories are one of the best ways to take CBD, especially for those who for one reason or another cannot take CBD sublingually or via inhalation.

Under normal circumstances, one capsules effects come on in 10-15 minutes and last from 8-10 hours.

Topical

Topical application of CBD has been used for thousands of years across the African and Asian continents and, believe it or not, has even been suggested to have been used by Jesus to ‘heal’ his followers of their ailments. These days, cannabis is a far more available and much more researched. By infusing either THC, CBD or both into creams and ointments, and applying it to the skin, the benefits are absorbed and can relieve many different ailments.

Why might you use Topical method over others?

Using ointments or creams infused with CBD can do wonders for many different things, but due to its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant qualities, creams and ointments have shown incredible results for treating acne, redness and tiredness of the skin. It has also been shown to have fantastic benefits for arthritis and chronic inflammation sufferers when applied directly to the point of pain, because of its analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.

Ointments and creams are best used for alleviating:=

  • Acne
  • Redness
  • Arthritis
  • Dry skin
  • Tiredness
  • Localised pain & more

The list doesn’t end here. As more research into the therapeutic qualities of CBD takes place, it can only be expected that further benefits of CBD will be found and, fingers crossed, made far more easily available to us than it is currently.

Some methods of administration relieve symptoms in multiple ways, but some methods are better than others, depending on your personal needs. So, the best way to know is to try it out and find which method best suits your lifestyle, ailment and efficacy. Always do your research before buying any product on sites like CBD Expert. That way, you’ll know that the CBD products you’re purchasing are tried and true.


CBD for Weight Loss

Now, the first question coming out of everyone’s mouth is how is cannabis supposed to make you slimmer? Well, believe it or not, a connection between cannabis use and lower rates of obesity has been made by the India Times.

The report explores the inherent paradox of cannabis being an appetite mediator, also illuminating that a lower percentage of cannabis users are overweight when compared to non-cannabis users. But, how could this be when the very well known side-effect of smoking cannabis is getting ‘the munchies’, or for those who don’t know cannabis lingo, a boost in appetite after smoking cannabis.

This apparently doesn’t do much to counteract the fact that cannabis users are skinnier than us all. So what is it that makes a cannabis user in a better weight range than the rest of us? Could CBD for weight loss be the true instigator? Perhaps CBD oil for weight loss is just one more quality in the ever-increasing list of benefits of this versatile little cannabinoid.

While the India Times’ report focuses on THC, a report made by the Waking Times confirmed that THC’s little sister, CBD, may also have a similar effect – without the drudgery of having to get stoned in order to gain the same benefits.

CBD May Help Rev Up Your Metabolism

In the the report, a connection between cannabinoids and an increase in metabolic rate, meaning your body burning up more calories, was found. And apparently it didn’t matter whether or not you’d been raiding the fridge either, as cannabis users generally have a higher calorie diet than non-smokers.

So, now we’re all really intrigued by how that’s supposed to work. The Waking Times focussed on cannabis for its widely known reputation as a pain reliever and inflammation queller, but the article also noted CBD oil for diabetes could be the next big thing, as it has the ability to help create lower insulin resistance in the human body, as well as improving fasting insulin, which means less likelihood of weight gain and even less risk of developing Type ll Diabetes.

University Studies Show Cannabis Users are Slimmer

University Laval in Quebec Canada surveyed 786 members of an Inuit community who reported a high incidence of cannabis use. In this extensive study published in the scientific journal Obesity in 2016, researchers found that cannabis users had a lower body mass index (BMI) and a lower body fat percentage than non-users. 

Associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, Murray Mittleman, also said of cannabis smokers that “their fasting insulin levels were lower, and they appeared to be less resistant to the insulin produced by their body to maintain a normal blood-sugar level,” a fact that seems to indicate that cannabinoids can help stave off Type II Diabetes. 

So can CBD oil help with weight loss? The studies seem to suggest it can!

Mittleman also studied the effects of cannabis on metabolism, and says that those who use cannabis have a far more efficient carbohydrate metabolism. A study by the University of Miami surveyed a massive 8,500 people between the ages of 20 and 59, suggesting that regular cannabis users had lower blood sugar levels and less abdominal fat, which had them at a lower risk of obesity, Type ll Diabetes, bad cholesterol, and heart disease.

So can CBD help with diabetes? It would seem that not only is CBD helpful for those who want to control appetite, but CBD oil for weight loss and even CBD oil for diabetes could be the next big thing to hit the market for those struggling with shifting their weight.

Appetite Regulation and The Endocannabinoid System

To understand how CBD may work on appetite, we need to know a little bit more about the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). This is one of the most important physiological systems in our body, which mediates and organises many vital functions in the body, from sleep to mood, the reproductive system and – you guessed it – appetite. It works with cannabinoid receptors in the body called CB1 and CB2, which are the signallers that influence hormone and cannabinoid production, and send it to where it is needed in the body.

This system is believed to play a very important role in homeostasis – a phenomenon that brings the body into balance. Clearly, being either over- or underweight isn’t a balanced state of affairs. While CBD is widely known to stimulate appetite in those who need more nutrition, the use of CBD as an appetite suppressant may well work for those who need to lose weight. It’s all a matter of homeostasis, or balance.

The lower Body Mass Index (BMI) of cannabis users could be explained by an adaptive down-regulation of brain endocannabinoid signaling. While acute THC stimulates appetite, the repeated stimulation of CB1 receptors by THC decreases receptor expression and sensitivity, and long-term stimulation may result in antagonistic rather than agonistic triggering of CB1 receptors, which would dampen hunger signals.

Now, CBD and another component of cannabis, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), may also reduce body weight, as animal models of obesity have shown THCV to increase metabolism of fat cells. But before you get excited about cannabis’ possible fat-burning abilities, understand that very few strains of cannabis on the market have high enough levels of THCV and CBD to have massive effects. 

That’s why buying pure and safe CBD for diabetes or CBD oil for weight loss is a far better option than inhaling damaging smoke that may or may not give you the intended effect you’re after.

Now You Know it, How Do You Take it?

There are so many different delivery methods to choose from, in order to help get you the slimming effects that cannabis seems to promote. Most of the research and studies that highlight these benefits surround the inhalation of cannabis buds; the way most recreational users take their cannabis, but there are plenty of other ways that you can get the benefits of these great cannabinoids; all without damaging your lungs.

Just some ways you can boost appetite regulation is by taking CBD in any of its many forms, which includes one of the most easy and well-known ways of taking any medication: the sublingual method. This method requires you to place the CBD underneath your tongue and leave it for 60 seconds or longer before swallowing.

There are also CBD capsules, CBD suppositories and even CBD vape oil, which all have their benefits and different levels of bioavailability. Most important, though, is buying a product that will work for you. So do your research before buying anything, as you could end up with a product that fails to do what you need of it.

There’s No Need to Get High

This may be a bit of a bummer for some, but The Waking Times reporter Marco Torres discovered that there’s no need to get high in order to experience the fat-burning benefits of cannabinoids. After researching a further string of studies, he concluded that CBD oil and weight loss works in much the same way as THC does, and he also made mention of this less-well known cannabinoid, THCV.

Fitness guru Ben Greenfield also writes at length about the benefits of cannabinoids for those hoping to enhance physical fitness and lose weight. He admits to using THC as a “performance enhancing drug”, but also recognizes that the legality of this would be sketchy in most states across the US. He recommends CBD as an alternative that can’t make anyone high.

The idea of losing weight with the help of cannabis is catching on and already, there’s talk of “cannabis diets”. We advise caution. Sensible eating really is the key to getting slim and staying slim, and although it seems as if CBD hemp oil might really boost metabolism helping people to lose weight, it’s best not to follow fad diets.

It’s nevertheless interesting to see that CBD for weight loss and CBD oil for diabetes is getting genuine research attention.

Because of the nature of the CBD industry, we can never make medical claims or advise on medical therapies, so it is important to always do your own research on products, industry standards, and to always seek professional medical advice before starting on any new therapeutic methods.

Can CBD be the answer to the Autoimmune diseases?

Autoimmune diseases on the rise

Something strange is happening to our immune systems. Over the last fifty years there has been a dramatic rise in the incidence of autoimmune diseases, conditions in which the body’s immune system begins to attack itself. Multiple Sclerosis, Crohn’s disease, Diabetes Type 1, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Lupus are just the more well known of over one hundred autoimmune diseases, all of which are reaching record levels.

In the US alone approximately 24 million people have an autoimmune disease of some kind, which reflects the threefold increase across the industrialised world as a whole. Women are affected more than men, with 1 in 9 having an autoimmune disease compared to 1 in 12 for men.

What causes autoimmune diseases?

Theories abound as to why these conditions are getting such a stranglehold on the developed world, such as ‘the Hygiene Hypothesis’ which suggests a lack of exposure to bacteria and viruses – the normal targets of a healthy immune system – is causing our immune systems to get confused and either attack themselves or develop allergies.

Others view chronic inflammation as a possible cause. It would be wrong to say that inflammation per se is bad as it forms a crucial role in the body’s immune response to viruses and bacteria and healing injuries. The problem occurs when this inflammatory response is called upon unnecessarily and its action is directed towards the body’s own tissues, as in the case of autoimmune disease. The result is the body literally destroying itself.

Chronic inflammation a contributing factor

So why does the inflammatory response get out of whack in the first place? It would seem for many autoimmune conditions a contributing factor is an overproduction of cytokines, which are small proteins released by cells affecting the inter-cell communication. The cytokines includes interleukins, lymphokines and cell signal molecules, which trigger inflammation and respond to infections.

So the next question is why are too many cytokines produced? A major cause is something called oxidative stress.

Living in the modern age leaves us open to a constant bombardment by chemicals, pollutants and free radicals. When the body doesn’t have enough antioxidants to counteract them, oxidative stress is caused, making the body more likely to develop age related illnesses such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Cancer, and of course autoimmune diseases.

According to one study by scientists at the University of Kobe in Japan, ‘when the state of oxidative stress was investigated in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus, and Sjögren’s syndrome by oxidative stress profile, most subjects were in excessive oxidative stress’. Another study found that ‘Rheumatoid Arthritis synovial fluid and tissue have demonstrated oxidative damage to the tissue. Signs of oxidative stress such as DNA oxidative damage, are present in the inflammatory synovium (the membrane lining synovial joints) of RA patients’.

Patients diagnosed with an autoimmune disease are usually prescribed a cocktail of anti inflammatory medication and immunosuppressants, which are often accompanied by a host of side effects and may only work for finite periods of time before another drug has to be tried.

Could cannabis provide provide an answer?

But what if there were a substance that was both an antioxidant and an anti-inflammatory agent? Well, it just so happens that the cannabis plant does both.

Biochemist Dennis Hill, who himself used cannabis to treat his prostate cancer, describes how compounds within the cannabis plant called cannabinoids ‘have the ability to suppress the inflammatory cytokine cascade by inhibiting glial cell production of the cytokines interferon or interleukin’ (both of which are proteins used in the immune system response). ‘Here we see the seeds of chronic inflammation dissolved by the modulation process of cannabinoids bringing homeostasis to systems out of balance’.

Indeed it’s no surprise that plant cannabinoids can have an anti inflammatory effect when we consider how they work in the body. And it’s mostly down to the Endocannabinoid system, a vast network of cannabinoid receptors that interact with the body’s own natural cannabis-like chemicals anandamide and AG-2, to bring about homeostasis and balance.

The CB1 receptors are mostly found in the central nervous system and therefore correspond to functions such as memory, mood, sleep, appetite and pain sensation. Whereas the CB2 receptors can be found in the periphery, modulating the immune system and includes the inflammatory response.

As it happens, plant cannabinoids can work in a similar way to the body’s own endocannabinoids, with two, in particular, standing out as having particular therapeutic potential.

CBD has anti inflammatory and antioxidant effect without the high

THC, the compound in cannabis that gets you stoned, has been shown to be a powerful analgesic. But it is its non-psychoactive cousin Cannabidiol (CBD) that scientists believe could have particular benefit for inflammatory conditions due to its interaction with the CB2 receptors. This is because CBD stimulates the vanilloid pain receptors and inhibits the breakdown of the body’s own cannabinoid Anandamide by suppressing the Fatty Acid Amide Hydrolase (FAAH). All of which elicits an anti inflammatory effect.

But there’s a further string to Cannabidiol’s bow. Remember how the body’s out of whack inflammatory response can be caused by excessive oxidative stress? Well, it turns out that CBD is also a powerful antioxidant, something discovered by scientists as far back as 1998 and even recognized by the American federal government who hold a patent saying as much. It should be pointed out that THC is also an antioxidant, but many people find its psychoactive effects difficult to manage, so CBD offers a more palatable, non-mind altering alternative.

However, for anyone suffering from an autoimmune disease, it’s all well and good quoting scientific studies that have never made it outside of the laboratory, when what you really want to know is if it works in real life.

Does CBD work?

Well as ever, the evidence is anecdotal. But little by little more cases are coming to light such as Cleo Bella, who at 11 was diagnosed with Polyarticular Rheumatoid Arthritis. According to her mother, ‘she walked with a limp, and at times couldn’t walk at all because of the pain. She also had the beginning of the classic rheumatoid arthritis wrist deformity, ulnar deviation in both wrists, which caused limited mobility. Her fingers were swollen and painful, making it hard to write or draw. Cleo needed help with almost every major task to function properly’.

Cleo Bella
Cleo Bella

After implementing dietary changes that brought minimal results, Cleo’s mother turned to Cannabidiol (CBD). Her mother continues, ‘within just 2 weeks of taking CBD, Cleo’s appetite came back and she started gaining weight, the grey was gone and the pink in her skin came back, the swelling in her knees decreased by half making the swelling noticeably better and stunning her physical and occupational therapists. Since October, Cleo has grown a couple of inches in height and has gained at least 12 lbs in weight. Her left wrist has gained some of its mobility back and the swelling is gone. I have even noticed a significant cognitive improvement with her as well.’

Cleo was using a CBD oil made from industrial hemp, which due to its minimal THC content is legal in most countries. In an ideal world every autoimmune patient would be able to take full plant medicine, including small amounts of THC, but until enough clinical trials prove otherwise and the plant’s therapeutic potential is recognised, for many CBD made from hemp is the only legal option.

It’s only Multiple Sclerosis patients that can legally benefit from both cannabinoids in the form of the drug Sativex. Made by GW Pharma it is prescribed specifically for the spasticity associated with MS and has shown significant improvement in spasm frequency and sleep disruption. But it is only prescribed for patients whose condition has been resistant to other forms of medication.

But for those patients who don’t meet the requirements or live in a part of the world where cannabis is illegal, the only way to access cannabinoid based alternatives is to buy CBD oil made from hemp or chance their luck with whatever their local drug dealer can provide them.

Increasingly, many autoimmune patients are taking the first option.